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LithoRec II

Recycling of Lithium-Ion Batteries
As a continuation to Project LithoRec, Project LithoRec II further researches the aforementioned sustainable recycling process for lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicle applications. In contrast to existing recycling processes, the main goal of the LithoRec Process is to achieve a high recycling yield and to efficiently recover all battery materials at battery grade quality. Thus, in addition to the copper, cobalt and nickel recycling, LithoRec also focuses on the recycling of Lithium and electrolyte components.
The project spams the entire recycling process starting from the discharging and disassembly stages, and following through with mechanical, chemical and thermal processing (e.g. crushing, grinding, classification, sorting, and extraction) used to separate the battery into recyclable fractions. The project’s process chain will be realized in a pilot plant with a recycling capacity of 100 tons of battery cells per year.
At our pilot plant, the most valuable battery components, those which contain the battery active materials, will be hydro-metallurgically processed into pre-products of new battery materials. Currently, the next step in the project is the production of new battery active materials and their characterization in battery test cells. In addition, ecological and economical balances of the whole process are determined.
The companies of the LithoRec II consortium are: Rockwood Lithium, Audi, Bosch Rexroth, Electrocycling, H.C. Starck, Hosokawa Alpine, I+ME Actia, KUKA Roboter, Lion Engineering, Solvay Fluor and Volkswagen. Research partners include the Institute for Particle Technology (iPAT), the Institute of Machine Tools and Production Technology (IWF), the Institute of High Voltage Technology and Electric Power Systems (elenia), the Institute for Chemical and Thermal Process Engineering (ICTV), the Institute of Automotive Management and Industrial Production (AIP) (all TU Braunschweig), as well as the MEET battery research centre at Münster University. LithoRec II is coordinated by Rockwood Lithium, while Prof. Dr.-Ing. Arno Kwade (Head of the iPAT) is the scientific director.

C. Hanisch, W. Haselrieder, A. Kwade, Recycling von Lithium-Ionen-Akkus 2014 in elektroniknet.de paper

Team Members


S²taR – Development of All-Solid-State Battery Recycling Processes more

Cooperative project: Project results database and communication management for the battery cell production cluster ProZell (EMKoZell) more

BaSS – BatterieSicherheitsStandardisierung more

eKoZell – Environmental and Cost Assessment, Model and Communication Management for the Competence Cluster ProZell – Accompanying Project to the ProZell Cluster (eKoZell) moremore

Cooperative project: Project results database and communication management for the battery cell production cluster ProZell (EMKoZell) more

EVOLi²S – Evaluation of the technical and economic advantages of the open-cell module for lithium-ion and lithium-sulphur batteries with regard to stationary and mobile applications more

Optimal electrode structure and density by design of mixing and calendering procedures (MiKal) more

MultiDis – Multiscale approach for the description of carbon black deagglomeration in the dispersion process for a process and performance-optimized process control more

ÖkoTroP – Ecologically gentle dry coating of battery electrodes with optimized electrode structure more

PräLi – Prelithiation of electrodes more

ProfiStruk – Process and system development for the process integrated inline structuring of Li-electrodes more

Process modeling of the calendering of energy-rich electrodes (ProKal) more

Roll-It more

LiPlanet – Li-ion cell pilot lines network moremore

LoCoTroP – Low cost dry coating of battery electrodes for energy efficient and environmentally friendly production processes more

Sim4Pro- Digitalization Platform – Simulations for battery cell production more

ZiLsicher – Zink-Air-Accumulators as safe electrochemical storage for low emission and explosion proof industrial applications more

Finished Projects
BenchBatt – Process based energy optimization and validation of Lithium-Ion and Lithium-Sulfur battery electrodes more

GEENI – Graduate Program for Energy Storage and Electromobility more

INSIDER – metal free Dual Ion energy storage technology utilizing anionic -intercalation more

Academic Initiative for e-Mobility – Education and Training in the University Network MOBIL4e more

ProLiEMo – Production Research for High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electro Mobility  mehr

Functional Materials and Material Analysis for High Power Lithium-Ion Batteries more

LithoRec – LithoRec – Recycling of Lithium Ion Batteries mehr